Empirical Validity As a whole, there really is little in Marxists explanation of crime Marxist theory of criminology that is empirically testable. Claire Laster Introduction Marxist theory condemns Westsern capitalist society as an unjust divide between two classes: Hence, those with power exercise control and impose punishment, equating the definition of crime with harm or threat of harm to the property and business interests of the powerful.
In its most elementary form, Marxist theory calls for this societal change in the form of the violent overthrow of the capitalist system. But if the distribution of power is unequal, the everyday behaviour of the minority group may be defined as deviant. This system leaves the proletariat oppressed, with no power whatsoever to alleviate their situation.
A proportion of crime is said to be the result of society offering only demeaning work with little sense of creativity. It is this lack of integration between what the culture calls for and what the structure permits that causes deviant behaviour.
Of the empirical evidence that has been undertaken, results are mixed. This resulted in a vast number of laws protecting the property and interests of the emerging capitalist class.
They argue that a capitalist economic system generates crime for the following reasons: The corporate crime Snider referred to included examples such as the poisoning of thousands of Indians at Bhopal, the Zeebruge ferry disaster and the Hatfield train crash. Capitalism encourages greed and self-interest whilst enerating frustration and aggression.
Marxists and neo-Marxists argue that crime is widespread in all social strata. Sparks, So it would seem that law enforcement is at least in part influenced by the economy when enforcing the criminal law. It is also common ground that, whether the society is meritocraticdemocratic or autocratica small group emerges to lead.
Merton borrows Durkheim 's concept of anomie to form the Strain Theory. However, the characterization of some crime as "working class crime" and portraying it as a response to oppression is problematic.
However, empirical research has been conducted utilizing principles of the Marxist theory of criminology and is touched upon below. According to The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, a group of writers at Birmingham Universitycapitalism maintains control over the majority of the population in two ways: They argue that white collar crimes which tend to be committed by the more powerful in society are ignored, while crimes committed by the less powerful in society such as burglary and street crime are focussed on and seen as more serious.
Institutions such as the police, the justice system, prisons and schools, the family and religion are there to encourage you to conform. The explanation of the cause of the majority of crime is given as the people fighting back against the oppression of a corrupt capitalist society.
read more. Middle. This leans more towards the Marxist view that law is the reflection of the will of the powerful.
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Marxism: A* Essay Exemplar 1. Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches in explaining crime Marxism is a conflict theory established by Karl Marx. Outline Marxist explanations of crime (50) Marxists argue that crime is based on three elements; criminogenic capitalism, the state and law making and lastly selective enforcement.
Marxists argue that capitalism by its very nature causes crime. The Marxist explanation of crime and deviance is exactly that a view from one section of society. The area of crime and deviance is so vast with so many different opinions to come to a complete explanation one would have to look at all views and form a personal opinion.
Marxists effectively developed labelling theory so it would recognise the social and political structures in which labels are created and adhered. In a sense Marxists appreciated the logic of labelling particularly as it examined the processes through which deviance is defined, secured and sanctioned.Marxists explanation of crime